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With few exceptions, family names did not really excist in Norway until, say ca. 1900. In the 1801 and 1865 censuses people had a christian name + patronymic + farm name. The first was the only "real" name; the second told who your father was; the third just told where you lived [i.e. it was the adress]. If the suffix 'eie' was added to a farmname, this meant that it was a subfarm or cottage under the mainfarm.  There was no name law until 1923 (revised 1949 and 1964), that stated that all persons in a (core) family should have the same family name or surname as the father/husband in the family.   Between, say 1890 -1920 people gradually adopted family names:   Some took a patronymic (their own, their father's or their husband's) as family name/surname, others used the farm name.   The family name derived from a farm name could often give a clue to where in the country this family came from.   A patronymic was not so often traceable to certain parts of the country,  simply because many first names were frequent all over the country.   The adoptation of a farm name as family name was not necessarily due to a ownership of the farm.    


Norwegian Naming Practices